What is Ostarine?

What is Ostarine? And what should one expect while taking it?

Ostarine is a Selective Androgen Reception Modulator (SARM) which was developed to fight muscle wasting and osteoporosis. It was developed by the pharmaceutical company GTX.

Ostarine is also known as MK-2866 or Enobosarm. This SARM is legal in most countries and helps to retain and increase lean body mass. It is considered to be totally safe and promotes consistent muscle gain over a cycle.

What happens when you take Ostarine?

Unlike steroids which convert into estrogen and cause water retention and bloating, Ostarine only affects certain bone and muscle tissues in the body. They target and bind to the androgen receptors, which then show bone and muscle related anabolic activity.

a picture of a bottle of liquid Ostarine

This constructive metabolism causes higher protein synthesis and results in muscle gain and retention without any side effects.

Benefits of taking Ostarine

Since Ostarine uses anabolic effects on the muscle tissues, it acts as a potential cure for muscle wasting. It is largely beneficial to people looking to build muscles as it can help gain around 5-10lbs of muscle mass in one cycle (several weeks).

It also helps to increase bone density and strength along with the muscle mass. It also results in reduced fat storage in the body. Ostarine is also administered to reduce degeneration in patients who are recovering from serious accidents or critical surgeries (recovering from chemotherapy).

Bodybuilding with this SARM

It is also used for bulking and cutting cycles by adjusting the dosage amount. The advantages of using Ostarine is well documented, and no side effects have shown up yet.

The use of Ostarine will not cause increased blood pressure or liver toxicity if taken in the prescribed amount.

As Ostarine has 24-hour half-life there is practically no need to split up the daily dosage.

Precautions while using Ostarine

Ostarine is not meant to be taken throughout the year. It should be taken in cycles with daily dosage not increasing more than 35mg unless prescribed by a physician. However, it may cause nausea and headache on some users.

People with oily skin and acne have increased a chance of Ostarine affecting the skin in a bad way.

Alcohol consumption is to be limited while being administered Ostarine as alcohol may produce estrogen in the body which would lead to bloating. Overconsumption of the SARM may also cause Gyno if one is sensitive in this way.

The Differences between Test E, Test C, and Test P

Testosterone can be found in various preparations, esterified variants, as well as forms. Pure un-esterified testosterone has an extremely short half-life – as a matter of fact, too short for use. It cannot be conveniently and comfortably administered. This is why ester bonds of various types have been created to form diverse esterified Testosterone variants to allow for ease of administration as well as for the purpose of prolonging its half-life to lengths that are both more practical and useable. When an ester bond is added to the testosterone molecule, it makes the best potential maximization of medical as well as non-medical use. It is possible to create or find virtually an endless amount of esterified types and variants of testosterone.  There are three major and popular types that are famous both in the world of medicine and the anabolic steroid using circles, which this is article is focused on.

Starting with the most popular one, they include:

  1. Testosterone Enanthate
  2. Testosterone Cypionate
  3. Testosterone Propionate

Testosterone Enanthate

Testosterone Enanthate is probably both the most widely used and most popular esterified variant of Testosterone. This can largely be attributed to its more extended half-life and prolonged window of release that enables more convenient injection and administration procedures to be carried out. Since Testosterone Enanthate’s half-life is about 7 – 10 days, its protocol conveniently allows for injection once or twice per week, thus it differs from Testosterone Propionate that calls for a protocol of once every other day injection. As such, its longer half- life makes it more suitable for medical and TRT use, but not for performance enhancing application, especially for those who are not comfortable with engaging in frequent injections.

Testosterone Cypionate

Although Testosterone Cypionate differs from Testosterone Enanthate chemically, it is considered to be virtually its equivalent. Its half-life is similar, albeit is a bit longer (around 12 days and 10 days for each respectively).  Another key difference between the two testosterones is their origins. While Testosterone Enanthate is mainly an international product (with universal origins), Testosterone Cypionate is usually an American product. There is no difference between the two in terms of half-lives. Besides, they are almost equally popular among anabolic steroid users. However, between the two, Testosterone Enanthate enjoys more popularity.

The similarity between these two esterified testosterone variants is so much such that they can be swapped within a circle without any problems at all. Testosterone Cypionate offers the same ease and convenience of infrequent use, just the same way as Testosterone Enanthate and any additional long-estered compound.

Testosterone Propionate

Testosterone Propionate occupies the third positions among the most popular types of Testosterone esters after Testosterone Enanthate and Testosterone Cypionate, although this esterified form of Testosterone was the very first one to be produced. It prolongs the half-life of the Testosterone in the body to about 4.5 days. This is far shorter than the two esterified variants of testosterone discussed earlier on.  Thus, in order to maintain unwavering blood plasma levels of the hormone, there is need for a considerably more frequent injection procedure than the other ester variations (no less than every other day injections).  This is what makes it less popular among a good number of users who have preference for less frequent injections.  But this should not be construed to mean that Testosterone Propionate is an unpopular anabolic steroid.  That is not the case whatsoever.  It is the favourite for a niche group of anabolic steroid users who prefer it more than the others. As a matter of fact, its uncomfortable and inconvenient injections and administration schedule is what makes Testosterone Propionate occupy the third position in terms of popularity.

So basically, the differences among the three lies in how long the user needs to run each compound for maximum effect, as well as the injection frequency due to the ester.

Tbol vs. Dbol

Tbol, which is also referred to as Tbol or ‘’Dianabol without bloating” has been a superb choice for elite athletes and body builders for several years. Tbol’s structure is very akin to Dbol’s, and which is still famous for its connections with East Germany’s state-sponsored doping program.  Tbol was created specifically as a performance enhancer by the East Germans, so unlike most other steroids, there are no medical uses for it.

Tbol is available in both oral and injectable forms and its active life is 16 hours, while its half-life is 8 hours. Injectable forms of Tbol are however hardly found on the market. Turinabol’s molecular weight is 334.8854 g/mol at the base and it is possible to detect it over a six-week period.

Tbol promotes slow but unique muscle mass and strength gains, which is one of the best things about this steroid. Users of this steroid can expect to have hard and refined looks after 4-8 weeks. It is popular due to its ability to promote fat-free muscle mass, and it is the ideal choice for those athletes who are seeking to have hard and well defined muscle mass. Turinabol use is also related to augmented muscle mass, muscle fiber size, better protein synthesis, plus performances enhancements.


Dianabol, whose other names are Dbol and Methandrostenolone, is one of the oldest and most trusted steroids in both the athletic and bodybuilding community.  Under the Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 1990, Dbol has been classified as a Schedule III drug.  It is a performance enhancing drug that can only be best defined as a very anabolic and androgenic drug providing little progestational activity.  Thus, it enjoys a lot of popularity amongst both beginners and experienced steroid users and athletes.

Dbol has a great effect on protein metabolism in that it helps to improve muscle growth as well as IGV levels. The use of Dbol is also connected to an improvement of calcium and potassium levels in the body. Since the steroid offers that “magic” kick-start that every user is looking for, it is preferably used at the beginning of an extended bulking circle to stimulate mass and strength gains.  Although some people have always been of the opinion that Dbol kicks in immediately after they take the very first pill, that is not however always realistic.  Users generally report experiencing a kick after taking 3 doses of Dbol. For those looking for that traditional wet bulking circle, Dbol is a perfect combination.

Tbol vs. Dbol

Tbol is a derivative of Dbol, but that is where their similarities stop. There is an additional 4chloro variation with Tbol, and this is the aspect that differentiates the two steroids. Choosing between Turinabol and Dianabol will actually depend on the goals that the user wants to achieve. If you want to add clean mass and strength without any concerns about water and side effects, then you should settle for Tbol. In case you prefer to go slow, lean gains without any side effects, Tbol is recommended for you.  Although Dbol tends to make you feel like you are on top of the world, your gains will not be as clean as Tbol’s.

Insulin Use for Bodybuilding

Insulin is actually a peptide hormone. It is secreted by the pancreas and is responsible for regulating the metabolism of carbohydrates as well as fat in the body. Besides, it promotes protein synthesis and the use of glucose. Biosynthetic “human” insulin is intended for use by people who have insulin disorders including diabetes mellitus, asPCOS, Insulinoma, and metabolic syndrome, and it is taken by way of injection.

Reasons for Using Insulin

Insulin is believed to have an anabolic effect in the body as it helps to increase the volume of each cell.  In bodybuilding, it is used to enhance muscle bulk since it stimulates the formation of glycogen that in turn feeds the muscles during training. Lastly, insulin also works towards preventing muscle protein breakdown, thus it helps a person to bulk up with muscle as well. Insulin plays an important role and without its help, it would not be possible to get all the protein in your post-workout shake delivered.

picture of insulin makeup

In the past, any time insulin was discussed it was only in reference to diabetes. As a hormone, insulin is responsible for driving glucose out of the blood stream and into the cells. The loss of the ability to regulate blood glucose levels usually leads to diabetes. However, insulin is much more than a hormone that just regulates glucose.  Firstly, it is extremely anabolic, meaning it is crucial for building muscle. Secondly, it has a downside to it as it has the potential to increase fat storage. The trick lies in learning how to increase insulin in order to optimally recover from exercises and simultaneously lessen it to stay lean.

Insulin and Muscle

As a matter of fact, insulin is a functional protein, just like growth hormone unlike other proteins that are physical building blocks of muscle. But just like all the other proteins, it is a chain of amino acids strung together. However, this protein chain is folded in a way that makes it function more like a signaling mechanism than a building block.

Once it leaves the pancreas, insulin enters into the blood stream and is transported to several tissues. Muscle cells or fibers have a lining that comprises of insulin receptors resembling a docking station. The moment it anchors onto the receptor, it sends a signal to the muscle cell to “open up its gates”, thus enabling glucose, amino acids, and creatine to make their entrance into the muscles.  Actually, this process is the main reason why insulin is very crucial for building muscle.

Apart from that, the other reason is that insulin activates biochemical reactions in the muscle the moment it docks onto the muscle cells.  This increases protein synthesis, the processes of building muscle from the amino acids which are entering into the muscle cells. Insulin also lessens muscle breakdown, and this further increases muscle growth.

Insulin is important in building muscle. It helps in muscle development, though indirectly, by making the blood vessels to relax and open, and this allows increased blood flow to the muscles. By doing this, insulin may help transport more nutrients such as glucose and amino acids to the muscles. This explains why on contest day; bodybuilders can be seen pounding simple carbs. An equivalent spike in insulin drives the carbs into the muscles in order to keep them full and increases vascularity.

What is Deca Durabolin (Nandrolone Decanoate)

Deca Durabolin, which is also referred to as Deca or Nandrolone Decanoate is probably the second best known injectable anabolic steroid, with testosterone occupying the first position.  Apparently, just about every steroid beginner plus many users who are experienced with steroid cycles are convinced that they may have to include Deca Durabolin for them to obtain the best results. But this compound does not contain any special anabolic properties. As a matter of fact, other injectable steroids can achieve everything for growth of muscle that this steroid can.

It consists of the steroidal hormone known as Nandrolone, and it binds to the large Decanoate ester.  This hormone (Nandrolone) actually made its first appearance in 1960. Later in 1962, Organon developed it for commercial use under the trade name Deca Durabolin. From then, there have been many Nandrolone Decanoate versions hitting the market but with Deca Durabolin being the most known one. However, it was not the first compound to be ever produced that would belong to Nandrolone Phenylpropionate, which is specifically Organon’s Durabolin.  The Phenylpropionate form is reputed for acting faster albeit with a lesser active duration. On the other hand, Phenylpropionate versions are popular but it is the Deca Durabolin that has ruled the Nandrolone market.

Deca Durabolin is actually among the most commonly used anabolic steroids in performance enhancing athletes. This is not just because it is a highly useful off-season mass steroid, but it is also popular among many athletes due to its therapeutic benefits. The Nandrolone hormone’s therapeutic properties make it one of the most useful anabolic steroids in the world of medicine.  But the use of Deca Durabolin in the US has been quite limited as a result of years of anabolic steroid controversy.  However, in other countries, it remains rather popular in therapeutic treatment plans that can include several areas.

The Functions and Traits of Deca Durabolin

Officially, Deca Durabolin is classified as a 19-nor (19-nortestosterone) anabolic androgenic steroid.  Its direct structural nature, which is the testosterone hormone deficient of a carbon atom is what puts it in the 19-nor classification at the 19th position. This is just a minor variation in structure from the testosterone, but still this mild change provides us with a unique anabolic steroid.

Being a Nandrolone base, Deca is attached to the huge Decanoate ester, and this is the one responsible for controlling the hormone’s releasing activity, hence slowing it down greatly.  This is what enables a person to use Nandrolone hormone without needing injections frequently.  The moment it is injected, as the Decanoate ester starts to detach, the user will experience a sharp increase in the Nandrolone released within the body in the initial 24-48 hours.  Beginning from then, the hormone will continuously release into the body for about 2-3 weeks.

Deca has a comparatively potent anabolic rating, which is a bit higher than testosterone. Its total androgenic activity, however, is a lot lower than testosterone as it carries an androgenic rating of just 37 while testosterone’s rating is 100.  Deca Durabolin’s reduced activity is due to its ability to reduce to DHN (dihydronandrolone) instead of DHT (dihydrotestosterone). It is this characteristic that makes Deca not only a more gentle steroid than testosterone, but also one of those anabolic steroids that are tolerated for adult males who are healthy. This tolerable nature is also exhibited by its low estrogenic activity.  It actually aromatizes, although only at about 20% the rate of testosterone. On the other hand, Deca Durabolin carries a strong progestin nature that plays into its side effects.

What are Prohormones?

A pro-hormone refers to something that becomes converted into a hormone in your body. In simple terms, a hormone actually means signal. They are basically a milder form of anabolic steroids and can be said to be somewhere between steroids and boosters. They are unique chemical compounds that boost the effects of the hormones existing within the body.

A typical prohormone is meant to be an anabolic steroid’s precursor, such as testosterone, that is used to increase the hormone supply that is available in the body. Precursors are intended to be transformed into complete and active hormones through an enzymatic process that takes place during metabolism. This usually results in an increase of any atoms that may be missing from the compound’s chemical structure. Prohormones are used mostly by athletes who want to enhance size, strength, stamina, lessen recovery time or augment lean body mass. They are frequently used to increase muscle mass or reduce body fat levels.

4 bottles of prohormones

Prohormones are obtainable in various forms. These include pills, capsules, liquid or dermal patches. The dosages differ, and are dictated by the specific prohormone compound involved.

What Prohormones Do in Your Body

Results from prohormone use differ depending on the specific prohormone compound taken by the user.  Prohormone users usually see similar results experienced from using steroids, which mostly include increased muscle mass and strength. Prohormones can as well decrease body fat, but this depends on the particular compound that is being used. However, just like steroids, prohormones have possible negative side effects that go together with the positive ones.

Who Should Use Prohormones?

Prohormones are best suited for use by any person aged 25 years and above (they are not recommended for individuals whose endocrine system is yet to mature) that wants to enhance muscle mass and strength.  However, various prohormone compounds may have adverse side effects when taken by females. So any female considering using a prohormone should carry out a research to establish which prohormone offers them maximum potential gains with the least amount of harmful side effects.

They are not also suitable for individuals who have medical disorders including heart disease, diabetes, liver or kidney problems. This is because a number of hormones are considerably more potent than others, and depending on their particular structure, could be harmful to the body if they are not used in the right way.  Therefore, when considering prohormone use, they need to first consult the doctor.

Prohormones’ Side Effects

Prohormones’ side effects are very complex and specific. Some of the potential side effects include hair loss, mood swings, sluggishness, libido variations, liver and/or other organ damage. Increasing the level of male hormones in your body can also result into an equivalent increase in estrogen related hormones. In men, this can cause a disorder referred to as “gynecomastia” (where they can possibly start to develop enlarged breasts).  Most of prohormones require post cycle therapy.

Prohormones were legal in the US until President Bush signed Anabolic Steroid Control Act in 2004 classifying them as Schedule III Controlled Substances together with steroids.

When put to proper use, prohormones are greatly capable of enhancing a user’s ability to make muscular gains. Even so, there is a price tag on this enhancement. Choosing to use a prohormone is a serious consideration which needs both careful thought and a comprehensive research to help you pick the ideal prohormone that suits your age, objectives, and experience.